Weight Loss for health and wellbeing
There are numerous complications that people develop as a result of being obese. These may include heart disease, diabetes or sleep problems including sleep apnea. These problems can lead to further complications including stroke. The increasing occurrence of obesity and therefore the need for effective weight loss programs (Australia) is therefore a serious medical issue.
Weight Loss Surgery
Bariatric surgery is increasingly being used to achieve initial rapid weight loss. This surgery includes reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery). Any of these surgery’s may be a beneficial tool for losing weight, particularly for individuals that are morbidly obese. Gastric surgery is typically reserved for individuals that are between 40 Kg to 50 Kg or more overweight.
Risks and Complications
It is also possible to gain the weight back that is lost following surgery. The only way to keep the weight off is to eat a healthy diet incorporating many fruits and vegetables, and a moderate amount of lean protein. It may help to consult with a nutritionist who may recommend a reasonable diet and exercise program tailored to your needs and body type.
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies. This is common in patients that have parts of their intestine removed because they are not absorbing all of the nutrients from their food. This can lead to complications and health problems including anemia and osteoporosis.
- Infections. Surgery can result in infections, particularly along the suture line.
- Buildup of Gallstones. Many patients develop gallstones which are the result of a buildup of cholesterol that collects in the gallbladder. A physician may recommend supplements to help prevent the development of gallstones for several months following surgery.
- Throbbing Headaches. Many people experience headaches when consuming too few calories to maintain their present body weight.
- Electrolyte Troubles. Electrolyte imbalances may form in patients who consume too few calories. This can cause heart irregularities, which may be life-threatening. If you experience tachycardia or other heart rhythm abnormalities when on a weight loss program contact your healthcare provider immediately.
- Fatigue and dizziness. Fewer calories can stress the body causing fatigue, listlessness and dizziness. Get up slowly from a sitting position to avoid dizziness.